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HANDBOOK OF PHONOLOGICAL DATA 
FROM A SAMPLE OF THE WORLD'S LANGUAGES 



A Report of the Stanford Phonology Archive 



Compiled and edited by 

John H. Crothers 
James P. Lorentz 
Donald A. Sherman 
Marilyn M. Vihman 



1979 by The Board, of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University 

All rights reserved 
Printed in the United States of America 



PAGE 20t STANFORD PHONOLOGY ARCHIVE 

VOLUME 1 — SEGMENT INVENTORIES, GENERAL COMMENTS, FOOTNOTES Chukchi 



365 



365 Chukchi 



365 Chukchi 



365 Chukchi 



365 01 p°* 

365 02 t 01 02 

365 03 k 03 

tk/xJ 60 
(free) 

tk-aspirated] 61 

365 04 q 

tq/x-uvularJ 60 
( free ) 

365 05 t/s 04 30 
(limited) 

365 06 s-palatalized 
Is-hacekJ 05 6 * 
It/s-hacekJ 62 

365 07 gamma 
txl 63 

tgamma-labialized) 06 6l » 
365 08 m 
365 09 n 



tn-palatalizedl 65 

10 eng 

11 1-fricative 
tt/l-fricativel 60 
(free) 

[ 1-fricative-voicel 66 
(free) 

12 r-fricative-retrof lex 
[r-trill-retroflexJ 07 
( free ) 

13 glottal stop 31 



51 iota 
*tel 

te-glide/iota) 67 

52 e 69 
(tag(+),allo) *' 

*ta-glide/e) 



*/iota/ 
Cash-dot] 6 * 

53 epsllon 

54 schwa-over-short 08 

[ o-mi d-dot-over-short) 70 
(a -glide/schwa] 68 

55 a 

ta-glide/e) 67 68 
*/e/ 

56 u 09 
Co-dotJ 69 
to-glide/ul 67 

57 o°* 

59 yod 
lyod-volcelessJ 71 
t j-fricativel 

( free ) 

60 w 
tphU 72 
(alio, free) 



365 

365 

365 
365 

365 



365 
365 



$a Chukchi $d Chukchee-Kamchatkan $e NE USSR (Chukchi Peninsula) $f 10,000 $g Merrltt Ruhlen$« 
Marilyn Vihman (review) $g John Crothers (editor) nerrixt KUhlenSg 

SnfiSrldl ^uka $b ™* $ ° Chuk ° tsk1j ja2yk ^rodov SSSR, vol. 5, 2*6-270 *g 

$a Skorik, P. i; $b 1961 $c Grammatika Chukotskogo Jazyka $g Moscow: Academy of .Science 

from Pussian.^He does not splcHy how Jnese" liters at £2^^ ^ ^ ^ 

srsrj: just,- i,sa s\s ssi-.sir.Sf. 

b-.^ ?s k oHrr9^ wo piofrr s t falls on , th v ; 

$a SYLLABLE $A (O(C)V(C) 

iww».a ana anixesj nave either strong vowels or weak vouslc » r« n » 1 *wwm 

weak vowels occurs in a word wi+h an n+^ l°u vowels. (p. 250 ) If a morpheme containing 

modified SkorirLem S %r+r«I Vk- morpheme containing strong vowels the former are 

inns p,cture is that all of the vowel phonemes can occur In strong harmonic 



365 08 

365 09 
365 30 



PAGE 202 STANFORD PHONOLOGY ARCHIVE 

VOLUME 1 — SEGMENT INVENTORIES, GENERAL COMMENTS, FOOTNOTES Chukchi 

words. The strong vowels and /schwa-over-short/ occur unmodified, and the weak vowels occur 
lowered/retracted form. In weak harmonic words on fhe other hand only /schwa-over-short/ and 
weak vowels occur, the latter In their higher/fronted form. IMV, JHCJ 

365 01 ?ioHk f !%J, P ™j7) 0n [/P ' aPel 1mpl0SWe <=^eleased?-MV) * touch of aspiration." 

365 "2 $A /t/ is somewhat palatalized in some cases. (Skorik 1961, p. 27) 

365 03 fskoHk h r96 , ,'? 1 p?2""* n0t aS3inSi ^ 6dBG ° f * he haPd Palate ' but a3a, " s * * he "ft palate." 

365 0,1 $A /t/s/ is slightly palatalized, (p. 243) 

3 " 05 mirS 1 15 nS,C0UB * ,CBlly midwa >' be " lMee " IRus =^"J /s-hacek/ and /s-palatalized/." (Skorik 

365 06 $A (gamma-labialized] is said to "acoustically resemble the sonorant /w/." (Skorik 1961, p.31) 

365 07 $ A tr-trill-retroflexl is described as "two-tap." (Skorik 1961, p. 30) 

$A "The distinctive characteristic of the vowel /schwa-over-short/ is Its shortness In 

«A A,/ ,n<l w .r. .ore ™.kly round.d ih.n Ru»1>„ AV and Av". (skorik p. 25 , 

k^vzssarfcjs stars,?: Es?-;jtr <h - !Mod 

365 3' SA /glottal stop/ does not occur word-finally. (Skorik 1961, p. 26) 

365 60 (IkoHk f$6i."&™ fM " tW a, " e 9ener3llV affricaied -rd.1nltl.Ily and intervocalically. 

365 61 $ A /fc, is s t roris i y asp i ra i ed WO rd-f inally. (Skorik 1961, p. 27) 

^ " It pI^co^ « .ntervocal ically and 

365 63 SWgamma/ is devoiced word-finally and in contact with a voiceless consonant. (Skorik ,961, 

365 *- SA After the vowels /o/ and /u/, / gamma / is labialized. (Skorik 1961, p.3t ) 
$A /n/ is realized as ( n-pa lata 1 i zed] before /eng/. (Skorik 1961, p. 29) 

sUJk'^^otcid ^^'"jy «rf„i: r rn?? 1, ?: ,iy - "*r ,k i 96i > ^ <»* m C ontr as t, 

(p.249); Skorik 196, : "in U ally and iZlul 1 V ,' ""f C ?" iaet With other "norsints" 
Il-fricative] is never voiced!" ( P Z & )) ^ alS ° C ° ntaCt With oiher consonants 

wird^I? sfts s a y/:^ 1 ^;rr 9 M: a P / . a o) ta - 3l,de/e1 ' and ^ as 

^ird:; S chw a r r a aite ed and sho^ « 

vowel harmony) ' lowep - hl s h > or low vowels (/epsilon/, /a/, and /o/). (p. 23, 

^■SSTm?? P ^ rMliZed 35 '-'C-dot-over-short, before /m/ and before and after 
\*U?.*> SenePally dSVOiCed C ° ntaci wHh -nsonants and word-f inally. (Skorik 

vo-i^ess 5 ssjrjsr p??o, 4 ° a lesser e * ien ' i?i • -«•- *»«■ 



365 6 * 
365 6 $ 

365 67 
365 68 
365 69 

365 70 
365 71 
365 72